Natha J, Javaheri PA, Kruger D, Benterud E, Pearson W, Tan Z, Ma B, Tyrrell BD, Har BJ, Graham MM, James MT. Canadian Journal of Cardiology. Published: November 12, 2020.

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Background

Acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac catheterization procedures is associated with poor health outcomes. We sought to characterize the experiences of patients after receiving standardized information on their risk of AKI accompanied by instructions for follow-up care after cardiac catheterization.

Methods

We implemented an initiative across 3 cardiac catheterization units in Alberta, Canada to provide standardized assessment, followed by guidance for patients at risk of AKI. This was accompanied by communication to primary care providers to improve continuity of care when patients transition from the hospital to the community. A structured survey from a sample of 100 participants at increased risk of AKI determined their perceptions of information provided and experiences with follow-up steps after the initiative was implemented in each cardiac catheterization unit in Alberta.

Results

The mean age of participants was 72.4 (SD 10.4) years, 37% were female, and the mean risk of AKI was 8.8%. Most (63%) participants were able to recall the information provided to them about their risk of kidney injury, 68% recalled the education provided on strategies to reduce risk, and 65% believed their primary care practitioner had received enough information to conduct appropriate follow-up care. Eighty-six percent of patients were satisfied with their transition to the community, and 53% were reassured by the information and follow-up care they received.

Conclusions

These findings suggest that communicating risk information to patients, in combination with education and collaboration for follow-up with primary care providers, is associated with positive patient experiences and satisfaction with care.